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Henri Matisse

Le Cateau/Nordfrankreich 1869 - Cimiez bei Nizza 1954


Matisse, one of the great reformers of European painting in the first half of the 20th century, studied law and graduated at the age of 21. He then began painting Impressionist and Pointillist paintings at the Académie Julian and then at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. His works are characterised by increasingly simplified forms and brilliant colours which he developed after studying neo-Impressionist ideas about colour. The passionate colours of his works led to them being criticised as "Fauves"(wild ones) at the Paris autumn Salon in 1905.
Henri Matisse thus became the main protagonist in a circle of young artists which also included Derain, Manguin and Rouault. Colour to Matisse was the pure means of creating an autonomous picture space. Figural motifs no longer possess their material function so that there is no impression of space. Two-dimensionally-decorative, arabesque-like elements dominate his interiors, still-lifes, nudes, portraits and landscapes. His oeuvre includes not only drawings, engravings, lithographs and linoleum cuts but also book illustrations, for example the poems by Stéphane Mallarmé or Beaudelaire's "Les Fleurs du Mal". A typical feature among Matisse's Oeuvre are the pictures made of cutout coloured paper, some of which he also produced as lithographs. The artist's sculptures, small figural bronze statues, played an important role in the development of modern sculpture. In 1908 Matisse founded his own school which particularly influenced German painters such as Purrmann or Levy. He spent the winters of 1911-12 and 1913-14 in Morocco, an experience which is reflected in the 1920s in his series of "Odalisks". From 1917 Matisse spent most of his time in Nice.
His career reached a peak when he was commissioned to paint the interior and to design the stained-glass windows of the monastery chapel Notre-Dame du Rosaire in Vence near Nice which was dedicated in 1951.


Henri Matisse - Prospekt für "Jazz"
Henri Matisse
Prospekt für "Jazz"
2,220 $
Details
Andy Warhol - Florence Barron
Andy Warhol
Florence Barron
111,000 $
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Emil Nolde - Rothaarige (Stephanie Wiesand)
Emil Nolde
Rothaarige (Stephanie Wiesand)
99,900 $
Details
Emil Nolde - Dahlienblüten und Stiefmütterchen
Emil Nolde
Dahlienblüten und Stiefmütterchen
33,300 $
Details
Emil Nolde - Mädchen mit blauen Augen
Emil Nolde
Mädchen mit blauen Augen
33,300 $
Details
Horst Antes - Figur auf Blau
Horst Antes
Figur auf Blau
22,200 $
Details
Oskar Moll - Alpenveilchenstilleben mit zwei Kannen
Oskar Moll
Alpenveilchenstilleben mit zwei Kannen
22,200 $
Details
Christian Rohlfs - Herzblatttlilien auf rotem Grund
Christian Rohlfs
Herzblatttlilien auf rotem Grund
22,200 $
Details

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